Treatment of anxiety disorders

The treatment of this disease, however, as well as other neurotic conditions, is based on three approaches:

  • Social. It implies the right way of life and following the established regulations. Compliance with the daily routine, balanced nutrition, sports activities, activity, stress prevention.
  • Medical. In certain cases, the patient may be prescribed drug therapy, including drugs of a different spectrum: from sedatives to tranquilizers and antidepressants. It is important to bear in mind that medications are prescribed only if psychotherapeutic practice does not bring the desired result.
  • Psychotherapeutic. Includes many techniques: (cognitive, behavioral, rational, psychoanalytic) therapy.

As in the case of panic or any other type of disorder, psychotherapeutic techniques come to the fore, aimed at finding the cause of fear and changing the initial reflexes, as well as the patient's value system.

How can these reflexes be changed?

First of all, clinical psychology recommends methods of exposure and cognitive behavioral therapy. But what can a person do to help himself? The development of a new reflex and, accordingly, a new physiological reaction is the task of the patient himself. In this vein, the Visualization Method is good, which implies a certain separation of oneself from one's inner child. Any new “seemingly dangerous” event, intentionally, through affirmations, should eventually begin to be perceived by a person as the happiest event that can only happen. The technique of internal dialogue is independently applied - “It's great that we will fly on an airplane” - the patient says to himself and convinces his inner child of this.

Scarlett technique. Or "I'll think about it tomorrow." The technique is to set aside a certain amount of time for excitement. For example, a person allocates himself an “anxious hour” from 15 to 16, and only at this time allows himself to worry from the bottom of his heart.

Speaking technique. As soon as an exciting moment arises, it is important to tell someone close about it in detail. Moreover, it is important to note that only “active listening” is required from the other, without advice or reassurance. In extreme cases, pronunciation of the problem can even be recorded on a voice recorder, the main thing is to speak as much as possible regarding all the nuances that disturb.

Body-oriented practices and aerobic exercise. Pilates, yoga, spa treatments are known to have a relaxing and stabilizing effect. It is also worth paying attention to cardio and aerobic training, which should be carried out only in the morning. Sports loads before bedtime can lead an anxious person, on the contrary, to overexcitation.

How to get rid of feelings of anxiety and worry on your own

General techniques for reducing anxiety, which a person is able to apply on their own.

First of all, it is necessary to come to the realization that to experience does not mean to think and does not mean to decide! That is why the main task of the patient is to move from the mode of experience to the mode of decision. And in order for the solution to come, it is enough just to register the problem and deal with it piece by piece.

Next, you should remember and carefully remember the advice of the eastern sages, who proposes to limit yourself only to the current moment, that is, to shift the focus exclusively “in the here and now”. Directing attention to the plane of the moment, including restlessness in the body, is achieved through meditation and breathing practices. In general, Understanding the existentiality of being and accepting the idea of death is a general recommendation for people suffering from any neuroses.

Analysis of the effectiveness of the applied methods. A positive result of any treatment should be considered a stable change in the patient's behavioral reactions and perceptions, as well as his adequate response to stressful situations, traumatic memories or planning his life in the future.